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04.03.2020

Safety Checklist to Reduce the Risk of Coronavirus Infection and Personal and Public Hygiene

I. General information

Virus information

Coronavirus is a type of virus. As a group, coronaviruses are common all over the world. COVID-19 is a new strain of coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, China, in January 2020.

The COVID-19 incubation period is 2 to 14 days. This means that if a person feels good 14 days after contacting someone of a confirmed coronavirus, she is not infected.

Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19

After contact with an infected COVID-19, the following symptoms may occur within 14 days:

  • Cough
  • shortness of breath (shortness of breath)
  • Fever (fever)

Typically, these infections can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, the elderly and those with chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease.

What complications?

Viral pneumonia is the leading complication. The deterioration of viral pneumonia is rapid, and many patients have already developed respiratory failure within 24 hours, requiring immediate respiratory support with mechanical ventilation.

The treatment started at the time helps to alleviate the severity of the disease.

How COVID-19 spreads

What we know about other coronaviruses, the spread of COVID-19 is likely to occur in close contact (less than 2 meters) with an infected person. It is likely that the risk increases the longer someone needs close contact with an infected person.

Respiratory secretions are formed when an infected person coughs or sneezes containing the virus, most likely to be the main means of spreading the disease.

Two main ways to distribute COVID-19:

  • The infection can spread to humans in close contact with the infected (within 2 meters) or may have entered the lungs.
  • it is also possible that someone may become infected by touching the surface, object or hand of an infected person infected with respiratory secretions, and then touching their own mouth, nose or eye (e.g. touching the door handle or shaking hands and then touching his face).

The virus has been living on the surface for more than 72 hours.

Now there is little evidence that people who have no symptoms are contagious to others.

How long the virus can survive

The survival of any respiratory virus will depend on a number of factors, such as:

  • On what surface is the virus
  • Not exposed to sunlight
  • Changes in temperature and humidity
  • The impact of cleaning products

In most circumstances, the amount of the infectious virus on any contaminated surfaces is likely to decrease significantly in 72 hours.

Once such viruses get their hands on hand, they survive a very short time. Regular cleaning of hard surfaces and hands will help reduce the risk of infection.

II. Measures

  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Regularly treat hands with alcohol or wash them with soap.

Why would you do that? If there is a virus on the surface of the hands, the treatment of the hands of alcohol-containing means or washing them with soap will kill it.

Follow the rules of respiratory hygiene.

When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a napkin or elbow bend; immediately throw the napkin into the garbage container with a lid and treat the hands with alcohol-containing antiseptic or wash them with soap and water.

Why would you do that? Covering the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing prevents the spread of viruses and other pathogens. If you cough or sneeze with your nose and mouth with your hand, germs can fall on your hands and then on the objects or people you touch.

Keep your distance in public places.

Stay away from people at least 1 meter away, especially if they have a cough, runny nose and fever.

Why would you do that? Coughing or sneezing, a person who has a respiratory infection, such as COVID-19, spreads small drops containing the virus around him. If you are too close to such a person, you may become infected with the virus by inhaling air.

If possible, do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands.

Why would you do that? Hands touch many surfaces on which the virus may be present. By touching hands that may contain infection to the eyes, nose or mouth, the virus can be transferred from the skin of the hands to the body.

If the temperature rises, coughs and breathing difficulties, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

If you have visited countries where COVID-19 has been diagnosed or have been in close contact with someone who has symptoms of respiratory disease after traveling to such countries, please report it to a health professional.

Why would you do that? Rising temperatures, coughs and breathing difficulties require immediate medical attention, as they can be caused by a respiratory infection or other serious illness. Symptoms of respiratory damage, combined with fever, can have a wide variety of causes, which may be COVID-19 depending on the patient's travels and contacts.

If you have mild respiratory symptoms and have not visited countries where COVID-19 cases have been detected

If you have mild respiratory symptoms and have not visited countries where COVID-19 cases have been detected, you should carefully observe basic respiratory and hand hygiene and, if possible, stay at home until recovery.

As general measures, follow the usual hygiene rules when visiting food markets where live animals, meat and poultry or other animal products are sold

After touching animals or animal products, regularly wash your hands with pure soap and water; Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands; Avoid contact with sick animals and do not touch spoiled animal products. Categorically avoid any contact with other animals in the market (stray cats or dogs, rodents, birds, bats). Avoid contact with potentially contaminated waste or animal fluids on the floor or other surfaces in shops or market pavilions.

Do not eat raw or non-heat-treated animal products

According to food safety regulations, special care should be taken when treating raw meat, milk or animal organs to avoid cross-contamination of foods that have not been treated with heat.

How to wear a medical mask?

Medical masks can have different designs. They can be disposable or can be used multiple times. There are medical masks that serve 2, 4, 6:00. The cost of these masks is different, because of the different overstay. But you can't wear the same mask all the time, so you can infect yourself twice. It doesn't matter how sideways you wear a medical mask.

To protect yourself from infection, it is extremely important to wear it:

  • The mask should be carefully fixed, tightly closed the mouth and nose, leaving no gaps;
  • Do not touch the surfaces of the mask when removing it if you
  • Touched, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or alcohol;
  • moisture or wet mask should be changed to a new, dry;
  • Do not use a reusable disposable mask;

The used disposable medical mask should be immediately thrown into the waste. When caring for the patient, after the end of contact with the patient, the medical mask should be immediately removed. After removing the mask, you should wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.

The mask is appropriate if you are in a crowded place, on public transport, and in the care of the sick, but it is inappropriate outdoors.

While outdoors it is useful to breathe fresh air, so the mask should not be worn.

At the same time, doctors remind that this single measure does not provide full protection against the disease. In addition to wearing a mask, other preventive measures must be followed.

In the workplace, additional breaks in the work schedule should be provided for airing and ongoing disinfection of premises.

Appendix 1

FOR THOSE WHO HAVE TO BE FROM THE WORLD Given the recent TIME FROM THE COUNTRY, IN WHICH COVID-19 cases ARE REPORTED, or HAVE recently contact with COVID-19 patients

(Self-isolation memo)

Stay at home

You or the person you care for should stay in your home, except for medical care. Don't go to work, school or public places but don't use public transport or taxis until you're told it's safe. You will need to ask for help if you need products, other purchases or medicines. Alternatively, you can order by phone or online. Delivery instructions should indicate that items should be left outside, on the porch, or near your home.

Separate yourself from other people in your home

You should be in a well-ventilated room with a window outside that can be opened separately from other people in your home. Keep the doors closed. If possible, use a separate bathroom. If you have to share common things, you will need to clean up regularly.

If a separate bathroom is not available, consider using the bathroom so that the isolated person can use the bathroom of the latter before thoroughly cleaning the bathroom (if possible or appropriate). Make sure the isolated person uses separate towels, both bath and hand hygiene.

If you live in a shared living area (university dormitories, etc.) with a shared kitchen, bathroom (links) and living area, you should stay in your room with closed doors, based only on if necessary, putting on a face mask, if it is issued to you .

If you share a kitchen with other people (such as university halls, etc.), avoid being there when others are present if possible. If this is not possible, then wear a face mask if you have been given it. Take the food with you to your room to eat. Use a dishwasher (if there is) to clean and dry used utensils and cutlery. If this is not possible, wash them by hand, using detergent and warm water, thoroughly dry them, using a separate towel.

If these recommendations cannot be implemented, you should avoid home insulation.

Call in advance before you visit your doctor

All visits to the doctor should be discussed in advance with the doctor, using the number that you have been provided. This is to ensure that the hospital can take measures to minimize contact with others.

Wear a face mask if recommended

If you have been provided with face masks, you should wear a mask when you are in the same room as other people and when you are attending medical care. If you can't wear a face mask, the people who live with you should wear it while they are in the same room as you.

Cover up when you cough and sneeze

Cover your mouth and nose with disposable tissue when coughing or sneezing. Caregivers who are being tested for 2019-nSV infection should use disposable tissue to wipe mucus or sputum after they have spat or coughed.

Throw the fabrics in a plastic garbage bag and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, rinse and dry thoroughly. Caregivers should wash their hands and also help the person they care for after coughing or sneezing.

Wash your hands

Wash your hands or help the person you are caring for, with washing your hands. This should be done frequently and carefully with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, thoroughly rinsed and dried. The same applies to those who take care of those who pass the SARS-CoV-2 test. Do not touch the eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid sharing household items

You should not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, utensils, towels, linens or other items with other people in your home if you have used them (or after your child or the person you are caring for has used them). After using these items, wash them thoroughly with soap; Dishwashers can be used to clean dishes and cutlery.

Bedding and towels should be placed in a plastic bag and washed as soon as it becomes known that the tests of ARVI-SV-2 are negative.

Keep an eye on your symptoms (or the person you are caring for, respectively)

Seek to see your doctor quickly if your illness worsens, for example, if you have difficulty breathing or it is observed with the person you care with, getting worse. If this is not an emergency, you should call the specified medical contact number, specifying the number you have been provided.

If this is an emergency and you need to call an ambulance, tell the operator that you are taking the SARS-CoV-2 test (or you are taking care of someone who has checked on SARS-CoV-2 as appropriate).

Don't take visitors home

Those who live in your home can be in the house. Don't invite or let visitors come in. If you think there is a need to visit someone, discuss it with your doctor first.

Waste

All waste from an infected person, including the use of fabrics and masks if used, should be made into a plastic garbage bag and tied when filled. The plastic bag should then be placed in another garbage bag and tied up.

If the individual test is positive, you will be told what to do about the waste.

Important

Hygienical treatment of hands after any contact with the patient or their immediate environment. Hand hygiene should also be used before and after cooking, before meals, after the toilet and every time your hands look dirty. If there is no noticeable contamination on your hands, you can use alcohol-based wipes. Apply hand hygiene using soap and water when your hands are visibly contaminated. Solve safety concerns (e.g. accidental ingestion and the possibility of fire) before recommending for alcohol-based hand treatment for domestic use.

When using soap and water, it is advisable to use disposable paper towels for hands. If not, use separate towels from the fabric and replace them when they become wet.

Appendix 2

MENTAL HEALTH AND PSYCHOSOCIAL REACTIONS TO COVID-19

During any epidemic, people usually experience stress and anxiety.

Typical for most people reactions affected (both directly and indirectly) may include:

  • Fear of getting sick and dying;
  • To avoid going to health facilities for fear of becoming infected;
  • Fear of losing your livelihood, not being able to work while in isolation and staying in work;
  • Fear of social isolation or quarantine due to illness (e.g., discrimination against individuals occurring or perceived as those coming from affected areas);
  • Feeling powerless in protecting loved ones and fear of losing loved ones due to the virus;
  • Fear of being separated from loved ones due to quarantine;
  • Refusal to care for unsupervised minors, persons who have a disability or are elderly for fear of infection, as parents or guardians have been quarantined;
  • Feeling helpless, bored, lonely and depressed by isolation
  • Fear of reliving the experience of previous epidemics

Emergencies are always stressful, but the specific stressful features that affect the population characteristic of COVID-19 are:

  • The risk of infection and infection of other people, especially the specifics of COVID-19 transmission, is not 100% clear;
  • Common symptoms of other health problems (e.g. fever) may be mistakenly perceived as COVID-19 and give rise to fear of infection;
  • Parents may feel more anxious that children are at home alone (due to school closures) without adequate care and support;
  • The risk of impairing the physical and mental health of vulnerable populations, such as the elderly and people with disabilities, if their guardians are quarantined and they are found to be without help and support

(с) 2021

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